- What is allowable settlement?
- How do you check pile depth?
- What are the causes of settlement of foundation?
- What is a working pile?
- How do you calculate pile skin friction?
- How is pile calculated?
- How do I calculate my soil settlement?
- What is shallow foundation settlement?
- What are the causes of differential settlement?
- What are the methods of pile driving?
- What is the maximum allowable settlement for a pile?
- How many types of pile tests are there?
- What is differential settlement?
- How can you tell if a crack is structural?
- Is code for settlement of foundation?
- What is the pile load test?
What is allowable settlement?
The allowable settlement is defined as the acceptable amount of settlement of the structure and it usually includes a factor of safety..
How do you check pile depth?
If a 2 inch PVC lined hole can be provided, a down hole magnetic gradiometer can be used to determine the depth to the end of the pile. If a hole cannot be drilled or is not available, pulse echo measure- ments can be made.
What are the causes of settlement of foundation?
The following briefly describes a few of the more common causes of foundation settlement:1-Weak Bearing Soils.2-Poor Compaction.3-Changes in Moisture Content.4-Maturing Trees and Vegetation.5-Soil Consolidation.Foundation Underpinning and Piering.Foundation Push Piers.Push Pier Advantages:More items…
What is a working pile?
It covers vertical and raking piles tested in compression (i.e. subjected to loads or forces in a direction such as would cause the pile to penetrate further into the ground) and vertical or raking piles tested in tension (i.e. subjected to forces in a direction such as would cause the piles to be extracted from the …
How do you calculate pile skin friction?
Step 1: compute the skin friction of an individual pile. σ at midpoint of the pile in the given layer is used. σ = 120 × 2 + (120 − 62.4) × 4 = 470.4 psf (groundwater is at 2 ft.) Total skin friction = 7,345 + 15,708 + 50,682 + 3,185 = 76,920 lbs.
How is pile calculated?
often, if a pile group is subjected to vertical force, then the calculation of load distribution on single pile that is member of the group is assumed to be the total load divided by the number of piles in the group.
How do I calculate my soil settlement?
Immediate Settlement of Cohesive Soils, Janbu Approximationp = immediate settlement (ft)u0 = Influence factor for depth foundation.u1 = Influence factor for shape of foundation.q = footing unit load, bearing capacity (tsf)B = footing width (ft)Es = Young’s modulus of soil (tsf)
What is shallow foundation settlement?
The settlement of a shallow foundation can be divided into two major categories: (a) elastic, or immediate settlement and (b) consolidation settlement. Immediate, or elastic settlement. Immediate, or elastic settlement of a foundation takes place during or immediately after the construction of the structure.
What are the causes of differential settlement?
Differential settlement occurs when the soil beneath the structure expands, contracts or shifts away. This can be caused by drought conditions, the root systems of maturing trees, flooding, poor drainage, frost, broken water lines, vibrations from nearby construction or poorly compacted fill soil.
What are the methods of pile driving?
Pile Installation Methods.Methods of pile driving can be categorized as follows:Dropping weight (Impact hammers)Pile Driving Equipment.· Single-acting steam or compressed-air hammers.· Double-acting pile hammers.Pile driving by dropping weight.Pile driving by vibrating.More items…
What is the maximum allowable settlement for a pile?
Pile settlement analysis showed that total expected maximum settlement value was 15.6 mm. It includes 2.1 mm settlement of pile deformation from vertical compressive loads. For such structure, foundation settlement should not be more than 2% of pile diameter.
How many types of pile tests are there?
Load tests on piles are conducted on completion of 28 days after casting of piles. Two types of tests namely initial and routine tests, for each type of loading viz. vertical, horizontal (lateral) pull out, are performed on piles.
What is differential settlement?
Differential settlement is the term used in structural engineering for a condition in which a building’s support foundation settles in an uneven fashion, often leading to structural damage.
How can you tell if a crack is structural?
When do wall cracks indicate a structural problem?One side of the wall is higher than the other.Doors and windows no longer close in their frame.Cracks are wider than about 5mm (or half a centimetre)
Is code for settlement of foundation?
Therefore, this code is prepared to provide a common basis, to the extent possible, for the estimation of the settlement of shallow foundations subjected to symmetrical static vertical loading.
What is the pile load test?
Static pile load testing is one of the most common methods for testing the actual in-situ capacity of a pile. The test program involves the direct measurement of pile head displacement in response to a physically applied load. Piles can be tested for compression, tension or lateral loads. …