Quick Answer: What Are The 10 Effects Of Earthquake?

Which are the destructive effects of earthquake?

why are earthquakes dangerous.

The damage caused by earthquakes is from ground shaking, ground rupture, landslides, tsunamis, and liquefaction.

Earthquake damage from fires is the most important secondary effect..

Which country has the most earthquakes?

IndonesiaWhich country actually has the most earthquakes? Indonesia is in a very active seismic zone, also, but by virtue of its larger size than Japan, it has more total earthquakes.

What are 3 things that cause earthquakes?

Things that cause earthquakesGroundwater extraction – decrease in pore pressure.Groundwater – increase in pore pressure.Heavy rain.Pore fluid flow.High CO2 pressure.Building dams.Earthquakes.No earthquakes (Seismic quiescence)More items…•

What are social impacts of earthquakes?

Effects of an earthquakeSocial impactsShort-term (immediate) impactsPeople may be killed or injured. Homes may be destroyed. Transport and communication links may be disrupted. Water pipes may burst and water supplies may be contaminated.1 more row

What’s the longest earthquake recorded?

Sumatra2004 Sumatra quake was longest ever recorded. According to new information about the earthquake of December 26, 2004, it was the longest-lasting earthquake ever recorded. “Normally, a small earthquake might last less than a second; a moderate sized earthquake might last a few seconds.

What is the cause and effect of earthquakes?

Earthquakes are caused by sudden tectonic movements in the Earth’s crust. The main cause is that when tectonic plates, one rides over the other, causing orogeny collide (mountain building), earthquakes. … The stress increases when they stick, relative motion between the plates.

What are the 5 effects of earthquakes?

The effects from earthquakes include ground shaking, surface faulting, ground failure, and less commonly, tsunamis.

What would happen if a 10 earthquake?

A magnitude 10 quake would likely cause ground motions for up to an hour, with tsunami hitting while the shaking was still going on, according to the research. Tsunami would continue for several days, causing damage to several Pacific Rim nations.

Is a magnitude 12 earthquake possible?

The magnitude scale is open-ended, meaning that scientists have not put a limit on how large an earthquake could be, but there is a limit just from the size of the earth. A magnitude 12 earthquake would require a fault larger than the earth itself.

Can an earthquake split the earth?

While earthquakes are common enough in the region, this powerful event wasn’t any run-of-the-mill tremor. That’s because part of the roughly 37-mile-thick tectonic plate responsible for the quake completely split apart, as revealed by a new study in Nature Geoscience.

What are the effects of earthquakes on humans?

A powerful earthquake can destroy buildings, factories, shops, roads, bridges and schools. These cause many people to become homeless. Furthermore, earthquakes can cause disruption to public services like transport systems and communication connections.

What is the main cause of an earthquake?

An earthquake is caused by a sudden slip on a fault. … When the stress on the edge overcomes the friction, there is an earthquake that releases energy in waves that travel through the earth’s crust and cause the shaking that we feel. In California there are two plates – the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate.

Why do people live near earthquakes?

Often people live in these zones because they decide that the advantages of the place outweigh the risks. Most volcanoes and earthquake zones are safe for long periods in between eruptions or earthquake events. Frequently tectonic events can be adjusted to and are considered by the residents as being predictable.

How do earthquakes affect humans and the environment?

Earthquake environmental effects are the effects caused by an earthquake, including surface faulting, tsunamis, soil liquefactions, ground resonance, landslides and ground failure, either directly linked to the earthquake source or provoked by the ground shaking.

What are some long term effects of earthquakes?

Previous studies show significant increases during months when natural disasters occur in the incidence of cardiovascular disease, including angina pectoris, stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and aortic dissection [5–7], and these diseases increase 1.5- to 3-fold after earthquakes [8].